What kind of insects are in Maryland?

In Maryland, you’ll find hundreds of different species of arachnids and insects. And there’s actually a small group of individuals who find joy in insects. But also, there are those that are still trying to create a bug spray that will repel these creepy crawlies. Whether you love or despise these insects, it pays to know the individual species of their kind. Here are the insects that you can find in Maryland.

What are common house bugs?

Bed Bugs

Similar to ticks or fleas, and other classes of Arachnids, bed bugs are considered as parasites and they feed by clenching to a host. However, unlike the aforementioned parasites, bedbugs don’t transmit any form of diseases. Their name was inspired from their practice of infesting beds and other popular sleeping areas of their host. 

Beetles

You can find beetles in almost all kinds of environment. They can be beneficial, just like the red and black-colored lady bug or damaging such as the false potato beetle. They are easily recognizable because of their unique shelled structure that is made of plate-like and exoskeleton forewings. Even if all beetles have wings, not all species have the ability to fly. 

Chiggers

Chiggers are the red mite larvae that are usually found on grass areas or vegetation. They clench themselves to hosts, including people, to feed into their tissues for a few days before scampering away. 

Cockroaches

Even if there are almost 4, 500 individual species of cockroaches, there are only four species that can be found in Maryland. The most popular of these species is the American Cockroach, though it isn’t a native of America. It is one of the biggest species of cockroach that has the ability to grow for as much as two inches. It is also one of the fastest land insect worldwide. 

Crickets

Crickets are usually mistaken as their cousins, the grasshopper. These green-colored insects have lengthy antennae that are much longer than their actual body. Compared to grasshoppers, crickets are nocturnal. They are lay their eggs in fall and females make use their abdomen to bury them in loose soil, plants, or trees. Fun fact: only male crickets chirp and they do it by rubbing their wings altogether, not their legs, which is a common misconception.

Fleas

Fleas are wingless parasites that travel by jumping form one host to another. They measure as little as 0.06 to 0.12 inches long only yet they can jump as much as 13 inches – more than 60 times their original length. Just like most parasites, they get their food resources by feeding on animals like birds or dogs. Through their way of feeding, that is how they become contractors of diseases.

Cicadas

The majority of cicada species have common resemblance: transparent wings, black body, and almost 1.5 inches of length. These insects don’t sting nor bite, but they can cause gastric distress among pets that swallowed them. 

Mosquitoes

In Maryland, when warmer weather kicks in, that’s also the time when pesky mosquitoes come out. They feed on blood and can transmit infectious disease. Though both sexes eat nectar, females also turn to animal blood for added nourishment to their eggs.

Assassin Bugs

Assassin Bugs have needle-like mouth and two pairs of wings. They have lengthy and narrow bodies, thin wings, and long legs. Some species are brightly colored, such as vibrant red, while others have camouflaged hues of black and brown. Their size vary according to their species, but commonly they can grow in approximately 0.3 – 1.5 inches long. Assassin bugs are commonly found on leaves or plants. They assault other insects, such as bees, caterpillars, and aphids, by holding them using their front legs and stabbing them with their sharp, curved beak to release toxic saliva and flux their prey’s tissue. After all, they weren’t named assassin bugs for nothing.

Do kissing bugs live in Maryland?

The species of bugs that are termed for their tendency to bite around the areas of people’s lips are also prevalent in Maryland. However, these bugs are not harmful to local residents. Triatomine bugs or popularly known as kissing bugs, may carry the parasite that can transmit Chagas disease – an illness that can result to gastrointestinal or heart problems. Though their bites are painful and can lead to allergic reactions, their propensity to transmit Chagas disease through a bite is extremely low. 

How do I get rid of bugs in my kitchen?

The best way to ward off bugs out of your kitchen is to remove their access to food and water resources. You can do this by following a topnotch kitchen sanitation practice. First, wipe up every spills and crumbs left on the floor, refrigerator, cabinets, and kitchen counters right away. Second, throw away your garbage in sealed bins regularly and utilize airtight containers when storing foods. Third, when buying food, examine the expiration dates and choose products with sealed packaging. Fourth, maintain cleanliness in your kitchen sink and keep it free from unwanted moisture by regularly throwing the trash bin and avoiding uncleaned dishes from piling up for too long. Lastly, repair leaking pipes and unclog any extra drains to prevent severe moisture buildup. 

In addition, to impede kitchen bugs from entering your home, cover any crevices or cracks found on the exterior of your house using a steel-wool, silicone-based caulk, or a mixture of both. Fix broken screens and install door sweeps, as well.

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